Sabtu, 12 November 2011

contoh nouns


NOUNS
Noun is word used to name in person, animal, place, thing and abstract idea.
A noun can function in a sentences as a subject, a direct object, an indirect object,     a subject complement, an object complement, an apposite, an adjective, an adverb.
Types of nouns there are : Abstract nouns, Collective nouns, Common nouns, Conrete nouns (countable and uncountable ), pronoun nouns, and proper nouns.   

1.  Abstract Nouns

An abstract noun : 
~  is a word used to describe intangible concepts such as: states, events, concepts, feelings, qualities, etc., that have no physical existence
~  is a word that cannot be perceived through the five physical senses of: hearing, seeing, smelling, tasting and touching
~ is the opposite of a concrete nouns.
Examples of abstract nouns :
  • I know the importance of learning English.
  • I would like the opportunity to study abroad.
  • She needs to have more confidence.
  • Happiness means different things to different people.
  • You should save your money for your education.
  • She has a lot of pride.
  • The following words are abstract nouns
·          advice, afterthought, anger, art, beauty, behavior, business, childhood, confidence , courage, crime, democracy, education, energy, enjoyment, entertainment, freedom, friendship, fun, grammar, hate, hatred, happiness, health, help, history, homework, honesty, importance, information, insurance, intelligence, interest, justice, knowledge, laughter, law, life, love, luck, music, news, noise, opportunity, patience, peace, permission, politics, practice, pride, progress, proof, responsibility, schizophrenia, secrecy, slang, sleep, time, traffic, travel, trouble.

     2.   Collective Nouns
Collective noun is are words used to define a group of objects. Although   primarily applied to animals, collective nouns can be used for people, inanimate objects, concepts or other things. General collective nouns that can be applied to any subject, such as group, collection or aggregation, are not included in this list. Other collective nouns, such as herd, flock or pack, can be used for many subjects, while yet others are specific to a single species of animal or other object.Example :
Collective Nouns  about a group of objects in a sentence.
Examples
dozen muffins
pod of dolphins
team of players
tribe of monkeys
herd of cattle
swarm of bees

3.  Common Nouns
A Common noun always begins with a small letter (unless it is at the beginning of a sentence). A common or general word It is  name given to a generic item. Example :
a  . Chocolate      b.  Table          c.  Boy             d.  Cake
Example Sentences
There are a number of states which are in financial difficulty.
I think you need to go to college.

   
4.  Concrete Nouns
A concrete noun is a noun which names anything ( anyone ) that can be perceived through your physical sense ; touch, sight, taste, hearing, or smell. A concrete noun is the apposite of a abstract nouns.
 Example :
List
Bread
Juice
Hyacinth
Fish
Perfume
Cake
Car
Water
Pizza
Music
Pie
Toast

Concrete nouns consist of countable nouns and uncountable nouns.

a.   Definition of Countable Nouns

Countable nouns are easy to recognize. They are things that we can count. For example: "pen". We can count pens. We can have one, two, three or more pens. Here are some more countable nouns:
·     dog, cat, animal, man, person
·     bottle, box, litre
·     coin, note, dollar
·     cup, plate, fork
·     table, chair, suitcase, bag
Countable nouns can be singular or plural:
·     My dog is playing.
·     My dogs are hungry.
We can use the indefinite article a/an with countable nouns:
·     A dog is an animal.
       When a countable noun is singular, we must use a word like a/the/my/this with it:
·     I want an orange. (not I want orange.)
·     Where is my bottle? (not Where is bottle?)
     When a countable noun is plural, we can use it alone:
  • I like oranges.
  • Bottles can break.
     We can use some and any with countable nouns:
  • I've got some dollars.
  • Have you got any pens?
    We can use a few and many with countable nouns:
  • I've got a few dollars.
  • I haven't got many pens.

b.   Definition Uncountable Nouns
Uncountable nouns are substances, concepts etc that we cannot divide into separate elements. We cannot "count" them. For example, we cannot count "milk". We can count "bottles of milk" or "litres of milk", but we cannot count "milk" itself. Here are some  more uncountable nouns:
  • music, art, love, happiness
  • advice, information, news
  • furniture, luggage
  • rice, sugar, butter, water
  • electricity, gas, power
  • money, currency
     We usually treat uncountable nouns as singular. We use a singular verb. For example:
  • This news is very important.
  • Your luggage looks heavy.
     We do not usually use the indefinite article a/an with uncountable nouns. We cannot say "an information" or "a music". But we can say a something of:
  • a piece of news
  • a bottle of water
  • a grain of rice
We can use some and any with uncountable nouns:
  • I've got some money.
  • Have you got any rice?
We can use a little and much with uncountable nouns:
  • I've got a little money.
  • I haven't got much rice.
Uncountable nouns are also called "mass nouns".
Here are some more examples of countable and uncountable nouns:
Countable
Uncountable
Dollar
Money
Song
Music
Suitcase
luggage
Table
furniture
Battery
electricity
Bottle
Wine
Report
information
Tip
Advice
Journey
Travel
Job
Work
View
scenery
5.       Pronouns
Pronouns refer to people or things. There are a number of pronoun forms depending on how the pronouns are used. Here are the subject pronouns:
I
you
he
she
it
we
you
they
Example Sentences
He lives in New York.
They like pizza.

6.       Proper Nouns (Names)

This is the exact opposite of a common noun. Proper nouns refer to all the things that are unique. They have their own distinguishable identity.
All proper nouns start with a capital letter example:Examples Help! List of Proper Nouns of English examples will prove useful when learning about different parts of
List
John
London
Paris
January
September
Monday
Friday
River Thames
Mexican
Buddhism
Def Leppard
New Orleans
Frank Sinatra
New York
St. Christopher
Mormons
Republican
United Nations
List



 

   





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